Compared with year-on-year data for 2009, there was a notable increase in factory numbers in Brazil, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia and Vietnam. The reasons for these increases are multi-various, as explained below.
The trend in Brazil is not the result of new factories being added to the supply chain, but improved compliance by business entities leading to fuller disclosure of manufacturing locations. In Asia, Cambodia, Indonesia and Vietnam have grown, partly in response to operating costs in China, but also due to trade restrictions forcing China based footwear suppliers to invest in other countries. In the case of India, improved transparency has added to the number of factories being disclosed and in China, additional factories have been added as suppliers have built secondary facilities to access labour in more remote locations, but they have also retained their existing coastal manufacturing facilities as development and management hubs.
There has also been a marked decline in the number of factories in certain countries around the world. Notable examples include Australia and New Zealand where there has been a consolidated sourcing approach with increased dependence on foreign imports and hence a reduced local supply chain. In South Africa the supply chain also shrank, post the 2010 FIFA World Cup South Africa™.